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few of the sounds human beings make are universal. According to researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, pretty much everyone states ‘huh’? approximately the globe. This sound marks a inquiry or a minute of confusion across borders and also is the very first “universal word” learned by modern-day linguists.
Apart native mild, questionable grunts, what else do numerous of ours languages have in common? ‘Ah’s’ and ‘umm’s’ also seem to peak the list. In irradiate of this, that is rather unsurprising to discover there are a total of 11 countries and also three regions on earth that begin with the letter A. Below is a rapid look at wherein each country got the name.
The 11 Countries starting with A:
The territories beginning with A:
A landlocked nation located between Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China, Afghanistan has a name the is ancient. Words translates come “Land of the Afghans." it is stated the Pashtun human being who live in the country started calling us ‘Afghans’ throughout the Islamic period which dates from about the year 800 come 1258.
The native “Afghan” first appears in written history in the Hudud-al-Alam, a 10th-century geography publication written in Persian, in 982. "Stan" way "land" or "country" in Persian. And also so, we have actually "Afghanistan."
People have actually lived ~ above the land that is today dubbed Afghanistan for around 100,000 years, and also different settlements have been uncovered from the bronze Age. It to be ruled by the Achaemenids, Alexander the Great, in ~ least part of that by the Greeks, and the Seleucid empire of Babylonia. Afghanistan pass through countless empires, kingdoms and princedoms, including an intrusion by Genghis Khan and also the Mongolians. After undergoing a duration partially ruled by the British, it emerged as an unstable kingdom. In 1973, a army coup overthrew the monarchy, developing the Republic that Afghanistan. Today, the nation still battles to find its footing among civil and also political unrest, war, and also poverty.
On a valuable front, that is simple to see why the general public external Albania does not use the country’s timeless name together it’s daunting to understand just exactly how to express it. Linguists say the Shqipà«ri, Shqipni has actually its roots in the duration of ottoman rule, i m sorry took ar after part Albanian human being moved right into Italy and Greece. "Shqip" is believed to be the initial name that the people’s language. The ethnic Albanian communities in Italy and also Greece perform not use this name.
The native "Albania" is taken into consideration to be the country’s old traditional name. Texts from the 16th with 18th centuries contact the country Arbà«nà«. This native is said to come from the Latin word arvum which means "farmland" or "field," as well as the Greek indigenous aroura meaning "farmland."
The floor today known (by foreigners) as Albania to be ruled by the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, and finally the Ottomans. V the fall of the ottoman Empire, the land it inhabited was separated by ambassadors indigenous the good powers of the moment such as an excellent Britain, Germany, and Russia, but in doing for this reason did not pay sufficient attention to the ethnic and also demographic realities that the area, paving the means for future instability in the region with the rise and fall that the Yugoslavian state. Following world War II, Albania to be a communist country until 1992, and it is quiet undergoing democratic reform to this day.
The French named their colony after Algiers, the city they chose as that capital, after ~ they got into in 1830. Algeria was France"s longest-held overseas territory, and crucial possession in their empire. Gradual dissatisfaction amongst the Algerians as result of their absence of political and economic strength grew, leading to boosted autonomy granted through France as they worked to quell civil unrest. Finally, Algeria acquired its independence in 1962, and also maintains close social and financial ties v the French.
You could not hear much around this landmass, yet it go exist. American Samoa is an unincorporated US territory in the south Pacific. The covers seven South Pacific islands and atolls, and also its resources is Pago Pago situated on the island of Tutuila. Originally settled by Polynesians approximately 1000 BCE, it was an initial sighted by the europeans in 1722, with contact start when beachcombers and missionaries visited.
In 1878, the United claims signed a treaty in stimulate to create a naval harbour ~ above the islands, climate in 1899 they were divided between the US and Germany before the us took manage of the entirety area in 1900. It stayed a strategic local for a us naval base, and also under the country"s control, though the people of American Samoa battled for the capacity to control their very own affairs. In 1977 they elected their own first governor, in 1981 their very first nonvoting delegate for the house of Representatives, and also finally their an initial congressman in 1988.
The native Samoa is stated to typical "people that the sea" yet American Samoans execute not have actually a agreement on this. Linguists who have attempted to trace the origin have been met with multiple explanations for the an interpretation of the word, yet none have proven conclusive.
Andorra has solid ties come Catalonia, the region in north Spain, and also the main language talked in this small state is Catalan in addition to Spanish and French. Following control of the roman empire and also then the Visigoths, that escaped the ascendancy of the Arabs as it was protected by the Franks come the north. In the year 988, the soil was offered to the Diocese that Urgell by the count of Barcelona in exchange because that land elsewhere. Due to the fact that then, the Bishop of Urgell has remained the co-prince that Andorra along with the Crown that France, and later the President.
Luanda, Angole. Photo credit: Fabian Plock/Shutterstock
situated close come the southern reminder of Africa, Angola boundaries Namibia, Zambia, the democratic Republic that the Congo (DRC), and the Atlantic Ocean. "Angola" comes from the native Ngola, which describes an iron thing representing kingship in the Lunda and Mbundu people.
It was initially the roaming lands for noadic tribes like the Khoi and the San, till the Bantu migration beginning around 1000 BCE. Different kingdoms and also city-states were established and occupied the floor on Angola till the come of the Portuguese. The country was conquered by Portugal for about 400 years beginning in the 1500s, as much as its independence in 1975. Together a result, that is a Portuguese-speaking country, although another 46 unofficial language are talked within that is borders, greatly Bantu languages.
Anguilla is a British overseas Territory situated in the eastern Caribbean. Complete of clear beaches and also blue skies, the region gets its name from the Italian or French word because that "eel" in reference to the country’s long, skinny geographic shape. Known for vital salt industry prior to its fallen in the 1980s, Anguilla is a tropical paradise occupied largely by people of afri descent.
It was not constantly this way, however. The country was first inhabited through Arawakan-speaking civilization from the Orinoco River container of south America approximately 2000 BCE, who referred to as the nation Malliouhana. Later, in 1650, British settlers from Saint Kitts came and also colonized the land, through great an obstacle as they were often attacked by aboriginal people and other colonizers. The British join the colony together with Saint Kitts and also later through Nevis, i beg your pardon the Anguillan world protested. Adhering to drought, prevalent poverty and labour disturbances, the brothers quickly started a process of democratization ~ above Anguilla and also other surrounding colonies in the 1930s. Anguilla was part of an connected state v Saint Kitts and also Nevis set up through the brother in 1967, but Anguillans flat out refused, advertising themselves independent. This carried the return of british rule, and also today the is a politically stable British Territory.
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua is claimed to be named by Christopher Columbus in 1493 ~ the Church that Santa Maria de la Antigua found in Sevilla, Spain. Barbuda was dubbed "Wa’omoni" by its original indigenous settlers, i m sorry is thought to typical "Island of Herons." the was most likely Portuguese cartographer Diego Ribero who named the area "Barbuda" in the 1500s, probably referring come the country wild fig-trees, whose aerial roots do them look choose they have beards.
Like other islands in the Caribbean, the British and also French both attempted come colonize, through great difficulty at first, through the British being successful by the end of the 17th century. It became component of the Leeward islands colony, a group of archipelago under brother rule, until that colony"s dissolution. Antigua gone into into associated statehood v the joined Kingdom, through Barbuda together a exposed of Antigua. An independence movement overtook the archipelago in the 1970s, and also finally in 1981 they accomplished independence.
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house to Buenos Aires, the "Paris of southern America," Argentina’s name refers to the Latin word for silver, Argentum. Shipwrecked Spanish conquerors were offered silver gift by aboriginal peoples in what was to become Argentina in the 1500s. Both the Portuguese and Spanish discovered the nation was rife v silver, and the surname stuck.
The floor was occupied by various native peoples prior to the come of the Europeans, such as the Incas in the Northwest highlands. It to be a Spanish colony beginning in 1580, and because the the migrate of Spaniards and also Italians, the population today mostly has actually European ancestry with a smaller portion with native heritage. The independence movement in Argentina started in the 1800s, and they asserted their self-reliance in 1816. That took many years to loss Spanish royalists in the northern part of the nation who refuse the self-reliance of Argentina. Today, Argentina has actually come out of political and also economic turmoil from the 20th century and the start of the 21st.
as a landlocked country in Eurasia through a deep history, Armenia is a former republic of the Soviet Union and now taken into consideration to be part of Europe, although that sits ideal on the border between Europe and Asia and also so is sometimes considered transcontinental. Interestingly, Armenians perform not call their nation Armenia however rather Hyastan, and also themselves Hayq (plural. Singular, "Hay"). This words hearken back to a folk hero named Hayk, that legend claims was a great-great-grandson of Noah, from the Bible’s Old Testament. According to Armenian legend, the is the forefather that the Armenian people.
The surname Armenia was provided to the soil by the neighboring states, possibly due to the fact that of a tribe who lived in the lands, the Armens. However, various other theories exist as to the origin of the name Armenia.
Armenia to be ruled by the Persians and later by Alexander the Great"s Macedonians, the Seleucids, the Romans, the Persians and also the Byzantines, however even so, the Armenians were well-known throughout those times as a fiercely autonomous and also individualistic people. Their society and language were heavily influenced by the Franks, and also later they fell under ottoman rule. During this period, the Turkic Ottomans cursed a genocide the the Armenians, and the fatality count of country Armenians during this time is estimated anywhere between 600,000 and 1,500,000. Lock became part of the Soviet Union in 1918. After ~ a long duration of struggle, the Armenians claimed independence in 1991.
The island was very first inhabited by the Arawaks, one Indigenous populace before that was claimed by the Spanish in 1499. It to be a hub because that piracy and also illegal trade. It became part of the dutch West India company in 1636. Tiny economic advance took location until one oil refinery was created in 1920, which substantially improved living standards on the island together the population saw profit. It to be under the management of the island the Curaçao for much of its background as a dutch colony, and in 1986 it ended up being an autonomous state following protest native its population over the manage of Curaçao, and also not the Netherlands itself. While it was initially on a path towards independence, that goal has actually been postponed indefinitely.
Australia is a repertoire of former British colonies and also is today part of the Commonwealth. Interestingly, it had actually been formerly named new Holland by the Dutch. Before coming to be a colony, indigenous peoples populated the land because that centuries. Britain first came into call with the land when explorer James chef arrived in 1770, and also it came to be an official nest in 1788. Together a jail colony, it to be largely inhabited by convicts as an alternate to resources punishment. In 1900, the six colonies of Australia ended up being an elevation nation, however as component of the Commonwealth, they keep a attach with the unified Kingdom.
Around the year 700, the soil was worked out by the Bavarians and the Slavs, and also there is evidence of Frankish affect at the time. A family referred to as the Habsburgs ruled the area of Austria from your capital, Vienna, beginning in 1526. They additionally ruled Bohemia, today part of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, and Slavonia, now part of Croatia. Just like many other empires throughout history, it came to be unsustainable because that the Habsburgs and also conflicts with various other monarchies, the commercial revolution, mobilization through the populace to become much more involved with national politics all verified strenuous. The people began a transformation in 1848, and Austria ended up being a short-lived dual monarchy through Hungary prior to that crumbled together well. Austria came to be a republic in 1918.
Early inhabitants of this area to be Iranian speakers, Turkic tribes, and also Kurds and also the Arabs and also Persians heavily influenced the area. After ~ wars in between Russia and Iran, the Azerbaijani had their floor divided between the two claims as castle sat in between the border. Russian Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union when it formed, and also it remained under Soviet regulate until that is dissolution.