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Along with the vice President, the President"s room members room his most essential advisors. This photo shows president Reagan, Vice president Bush, and also Cabinet members in the Oval Office.

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Even the experts can"t agree on the total variety of federal government agencies, commissions, and departments.

Most approximates suggest there are probably more than 2,000 of these. Castle each have actually an area of field of expertise — part much more comprehensive than rather — however their duties often overlap, make administration an ext difficult. To complicated things even more, countless agencies have actually counterparts in ~ the state and local level. That size, complexity, and overlapping responsibilities leave the federal bureaucracy open to constant attempts to reorganize and also streamline.

Congress has the strength to create, organize, and disband all federal agencies. Many of them room under the control of the President, although few of lock actually have actually direct call with the White House. So, the administration has two masters — Congress and the President. The administration generally drops into four wide types: cabinet departments, government corporations, elevation agencies, and regulatory commissions


Cabinet departments
department of State Treasury department Department of Defense department of Justice department of the internal Department of farming Department of commerce Department of job Department of transportation Department the Housing and Urban development Department the Health and also Human services Department of power Department of education and learning Department the Veterans AffairsDepartment of countryside Security

The room Departments

The 15 room departments are each top by a Secretary that sits on the President"s Cabinet. The exemption is the righteousness Department, i beg your pardon is headed by the attorney General, that is additionally a member of the President"s Cabinet. The Secretaries are responsible because that directing the department"s policy and also for overseeing that is operation. Room secretaries space usually torn between their duties as presidential advisers and also heads of their departments.


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As the first woman cabinet member, Frances Perkins served for 12 years, help draft law such together the Social security Act and the an initial federal minimum fairy laws.

Each has a distinct area the policy, although their duties are still an extremely broad. The company of every is quite complex, but they have actually some points in common. Every Secretaries have a Deputy or Undersecretary, and also a organize of Assistant Secretaries, who all direct significant programs within the department.

Most department are separated into bureaus, divisions, and sections. Because that example, the FBI lies within the domain that the justice Department, and also the secret Service is currently within the Treasury Departmeny agency, but soon to be relocated under the auspices of the department of Homeland protection .

Government Corporations

Government corporations perform not belong to any department — they stand on their own. More than likely the best-known federal government corporations are the United says Postal Service and Amtrak. Lock are different from other agencies in that they are businesses produced by Congress, and also they fee fees for your services. Like any kind of other business, federal government corporations have private competition — such as commonwealth Express and United Parcel company — and sometimes state compete — such together the brand-new Jersey Transit Authority.


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At the moment of that is creation, NASA was assumed by numerous to be a defense-related agency. Today, that brings nations together in very publicized efforts like the International room Station displayed here.

Independent Agencies

Independent agencies carefully resemble room departments, but they are smaller and less complex. Generally, they have actually narrower locations of obligation than do Cabinet departments. Most of these agencies are not free from presidential control and also are independent just in the sense that they space not part of a department.

Congress creates them as separate agencies for countless reasons, practical and also symbolic. For example, when the nationwide Aeronautics and space Administration (NASA) to be established, numerous members of conference assumed that it would be a component of the department of Defense. However, that is an independent company because the space program has many other purposes than the defense the the nation.


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The ATF (now the bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and also Explosives) was transferred from the room of the Treasury to the room of righteousness in 2006.

Regulatory Agencies

These organ regulate important parts of the economy, making rule for huge industries and businesses that impact the understand of the public. Since regulatory commissions space "watchdogs" that by their an extremely nature have to operate independently, they are not component of a department, and the chairman does no directly regulate most the them. Each commission has from 5 come 11 members appointed by the President, yet the chairman cannot remove them because that the length of their terms in office.

Examples of this commissions space the Securities and also Exchange Commission, i beg your pardon regulates the share market, brokers, and investment practices. Another well-known the supervisory board is the commonwealth Reserve Board the governs the nation"s monetary policy. The eco-friendly Protection company serves together a guardian end the nation"s environment, making and also enforcing requirements for the industrial and also commercial sectors.

With over 2,000 various agencies, the federal bureaucracy is almost particular to run into problems with organization, overlapping responsibilities, and also efficiency. Almost every current President has come right into office established to refashion and trim the bureaucracy. However, none has been able come make more than young adjustments. Well-established agencies have lives of their own, and also are challenging to change. Besides, the country has large, complex, needs requiring special attention. A huge bureaucracy is a component of the government"s attempt to meet those needs.


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NASA Homepage
The national Aeronautics and space Administration, according to the website, is an investment in America"s future. Discover this tremendous website, from its pages on space flight to females in NASA. Click on "other cool sites" for an ext neat stuff 보다 you might visit in one day. Don"t miss out ~ above the flash movie the NASA"s vision or the webcasts, which have the right to be perceived on home windows Media Player.

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The commonwealth Deposit insurance allowance Corporation (FDIC)
What happens if your financial institution goes bankrupt? You get your money back — if your financial institution is insured by the commonwealth Deposit insurance money Corporation. Because 1933, the FDIC has actually been keeping America"s confidence in the financial establishments alive. Take it a look at the organization and browse its official website here.

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U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Homer Simpson makes the meltdown of a nuclear reactor in a strength plant it seems ~ funny, yet in reality it have the right to cause global devastation. The atom Regulatory the supervisory board is responsible because that making sure that strength plants are safe from the moment they are built to the time that they are shut down. Take it a look at what they carry out at their main website.

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The Securities and also Exchange Commission
The stock industry crash the 1929 crippled the U.S. Economy and devastated the lives of numerous Americans. What walk the government do come make sure that something favor that never happens again? They founded the Securities and Exchange Commission, which oversees investment practices of American businesses. If you have an interest in the stock market, it"s worth your time come wade v this official website.

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Federal trade Commission
You"ve checked out the board video game Monopoly, yet did you know that genuine monopolies space usually illegal? The Federal trade Commission provides sure that providers follow the law, usage fair service practices, and also don"t deceive the consumer. They also protect consumer by investigate complaints and educating us about what to look the end for. The FTC"s main website makes for an exciting read for anyone who might do business in the U.S.
Consumer Protection
Are you obtaining your money"s worth? inspect here before you do a purchase to uncover out just how you could be hoodwinked if you aren"t careful.
DefenseLink — The U.S. Department of Defense
With the Army, wait Force, maritime Corps, and the marine under its auspices, the department of Defense is the component of the federal government assigned to keeping national security. Its main website has actually pages on such dangers to the U.S. As tools of mass destruction and anthrax, as well as online memorials to fallen soldiers, Olympic coverage, and much more.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
The head honchos the each military branch make up the joint Chiefs the Staff, who advise the chairman on military matters. Uncover out around the composition and philosophy of the organization here.
The United says Department of Justice
Attorney basic Janet Reno and her office space responsible because that finding and also prosecuting commonwealth criminals. The main Department of righteousness website is complete of amazing information, consisting of the FBI"s many wanted list and also pages on warm topics from institution violence come the death penalty.

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U.S. State Department
Even though just 1% the the national budget plan goes to global affairs, the State room does few of the most publicized government-related work in the country. The same company that represents the U.S. In the United countries is responsible because that negotiating profession agreements and additionally issuing passports and also visas. Take it a watch at some of the State Department"s recent projects at their official website.

See more: Which Of The Following Is True Of Compasses ? Which Of The Following Is True Of Compasses

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United claims Treasury Department
Show me the money! The U.S. Treasury room monitors the government"s bank accounts, prints money, and investigates taxes evasion, amongst many various other duties. Find out the answers to all her questions around one the the oldest offices in the U.S. Federal government at their main website.

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