Physical planet Science Semester 2 last Review –Key 1. The power that drives surface ocean currents originates from ____. WIND 2. The increasing of cold water from deeper layers to change warmer surface ar water is referred to as ___ UPWELLING 3. What phenomena linked with upwelling? increased NUTRIENTS, increased PLANKTON POPULATION, vertical WATER activities 4. What processes carry out NOT diminish the salinity that water? formation OF SEA ICE and also EVAPORATION 5. According to the conveyor belt design of s circulation, what happens when water will the poles? THE SALINITY the WATER boosts 6. What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere? NITROGEN 7. What is air? that A MIXTURE 8. The form of oxygen the combines 3 oxygen atoms into each molecule is dubbed ____. OZONE 9. What is the lowest layer that the atmosphere? TROPOSHPERE 10. Most essential weather phenomena take place in i m sorry layer that the atmosphere? TROPOSPHERE 11. A metal spoon becomes warm after gift left in a pan of cook water. This is an example of ____. CONDUCTION 12. The heater of the reduced layer that the atmosphere from radiation soaked up by certain heat-absorbing gases is called THE GREENHOUSE effect 13. Planet receives power from the sunlight through what method of warmth transfer? RADIATION 14. The 2 most essential heat-absorbing gases in the lower setting are WATER VAPOR &CARBON DIOXIDE 15. In general, what is true around places at higher altitudes? COOLER TEMPS THAN reduced ALTITUDES 16. What happens to the temperature of a city located along a windward shore in the winter and the summer? COOLER SUMMER TEMPERATURES 보다 AN INLAND place AT THE exact same LATITUDE 17. Who’s your favorite science teacher? 18. Isotherms space lines that attach points of same ____. TEMPERATURE 19. Rain, snow, sleet, and also hail are all examples of ____. PRECIPITATION 20. What term explains the conversion of a solid straight to a gas, there is no passing through the liquid state? SUBLIMATION 21. The procedure of converting a liquid to a gas is recognized as ____. EVAPORATION 22. Air that has reached that is water-vapor volume is said to it is in ____. Saturated 23. What is true about warm, saturation air? CONTAINS more WATER VAPOR than COLD air 24. The ratio of air’s water-vapor content to its capacity to organize water vapor at that very same temperature is the ____. Relative HUMIDITY 25. The force exerted through the load of the air over is dubbed ____. AIR press 26. What is the ultimate energy resource for most wind? SOLAR RADIATION 27. Which pressure generates winds? PRESSURE differences 28. Very closely spaced isobars indicate ____. HIGH WINDS 29. Variations in air push from ar to ar are the principal cause of ____. WIND 30. High-altitude, high-velocity “rivers” of air are called ____. JET STREAMS 31. The Coriolis impact influences ____. WIND DIRECTION 32. Centers of low push are referred to as ____. CYCLONES 33. Waiting subsides in the center of a(n) ____. HIGH-PRESSURE system 34. High-pressure systems room usually connected with what kind of weather? clear , dry WEATHER 35. Exactly how do low pressure systems move throughout the joined States? WEST TO eastern 36. What surface winds blow in between the subtropical high and also the equator? trade WINDS 37. Once is a sea breeze most intense? MID TO so late AFTERNOON 38. Exactly how are winds labeled? through THE DIRECTION native WHICH THEY blow 39. What is a warmth countercurrent the periodically flows southward along the coastlines of Ecuador and also Peru? El Nino 40. An enormous body that air identified by similar properties at any given altitude is known as a(n) ____. Waiting MASS 41. Naval air masses kind ____. End WATER 42. Top top a weather map, which kind of front is presented by a line with triangular clues on one side? COLD front 43. Top top a weather map, which type of prior is presented by a line v semicircles expanding from one side? heat FRONT 44. Which region is located in between 23.5° north and south that the equator? tropical ZONE 45. The rain shadow result is connected with ____. Mountains 46. The leeward next of a hill is frequently ____. DRY48. Boosted altitude generally causes lower ____. Temperature 49. Worldwide winds move heat air toward the ____. POLES 50. Heat and moisture room distributed around Earth by ____ . Worldwide WINDS 51. What two factors are provided to divide climate in the Köppen climate category system? TEMPERATURE and also PRECIPITATION 52. What factor distinguishes wet dry climates from tropical wet and dry climates? PRECIPITATION 53. In dried climates, prices of evaporation exceed ____ THE price OF PRECIPITATION 54. Which type of climate is characteristics of Antarctica? POLAR 55. How does volcano ash in earth atmosphere impact solar radiation? increases THE lot OF SOLAR RADIATION the IS reflected INTO space 56. What phenomenon naturally warms Earth’s lower atmosphere and also surface? GREENHOUSE result 57. Which greenhouse gas is the most an effective absorber the radiation emitted through Earth? WATER VAPOR 58. A measure up of the full amount that matter an object contains is referred to as ____. Fixed 59. What motion of planet is responsible because that night and also day? ROTATION 60. What occurs as soon as the moon casts its shadow on Earth? SOLAR ECLIPSE 61. Round depressions top top the moon’s surface are called ____. CRATERS 62. Why walk the moon have much more craters 보다 Earth? WEATHERING and EROSION execute NOT happen ON THE MOON47. What is the relationship between elevation and also climate? higher ELEVATION = colder CLIMATE 63. Perform the Jovian planets. JUPITER, SATURN, URANUS, NEPTUNE 64. Perform the terrestrial planets. MERCURY, VENUS, EARTH, MARS 65. The most apparent difference between the terrestrial and the Jovian planets is ____. Dimension 66. Which planet has actually a thick carbon dioxide atmosphere and also high surface ar temperatures? VENUS 67. I m sorry planets do NOT have actually rings? TERRESTRIAL PLANETS 68. What attributes on Mars allude to the possibility of fluid water top top the planet? GULLIES and also STREAMLIKE networks 69. What color has the longest wavelength? RED 70. Gamma rays, X-rays, clearly shows light, and radio waves room all varieties of ____. ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION 71. Which color has the many energetic photons? VIOLET 72. What does a prism do? SEPARATES clearly shows LIGHT right into SEVERAL colors 73. A usual incandescent light bulb produces a(n) ____. Constant SPECTRUM 74. What will happen to one object’s wavelength together the thing moves towards you? THE WAVELENGTH will BE reduce 75. Making use of the Doppler effect, astronomers can determine a star’s ____. Movement TOWARD OR far FROM planet 76. The layer of the sunlight that radiates most of the light the reaches earth is the ____. PHOTOSPHERE 77. The outermost class of the sunlight is dubbed the ____. CORONA 78. The sun’s surface has actually a grainy texture created by numerous bright markings dubbed ____. GRANULES 79. Streams that electrons and protons the shoot out from the sun’s corona comprise the solar ____. WIND 80. What are the many explosive events that happen on the sun? SOLAR FLARES 82. Understand the miscellaneous solar features. PHOTOSPHERE, CHROMOSPHERE, CORONA, SUNSPOTS, PROMINENCES, SOLAR FLARES, GRANULES, SOLAR WIND 83. Sunspots appear dark because they room ____. Reasonably COOL 84. The resource of the sun’s power is ____. NUCLEAR fusion 85. Stars the which color have the highest possible surface temperature? BLUE 86. Stellar ranges are commonly expressed in what units? irradiate YEARS 87. The measure of a star’s brightness is referred to as its ____. Size 88. The distinction in the brightness of two stars through the exact same surface temperature is attributable to their ____. Size 89. Around 90 percent that stars ~ above the H-R diagram space ____. Main SEQUENCE STARS 90. I beg your pardon main-sequence stars space the most massive? BLUE 91. What main-sequence stars space brightest? THE sexy 92. Another name because that the interstellar matter that will eventually type a star is ____. NEBULA 93. A star is stated to be born when ____. NUCLEAR blend BEGINS 94. Huge stars end in a brilliant explosion referred to as a ____. SUPERNOVA 95. The sunlight is a ____. Key SEQUENCE STAR 96. What is the next stage in the sun’s life cycle? RED large 97. Ours galaxy is referred to as the ____. MILKY method 98. Whereby is ours sun located in the Milky Way? WITHIN one of THE SPIRAL arms 99.

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Perform the species of galaxies. SPIRAL, ELLIPTICAL, rarely often, rarely 100.What proof supports the big bang? COSMIC background RADIATION, growth OF THE UNIVERSE