Leonardo to be born on 15 April 1452 (Old Style) "at the 3rd hour that the night" in the Tuscan hill city of Vinci, in the lower valley the the Arno flow in the region of the Medici-ruled Republic that Florence. He was the out-of-wedlock child of the rich Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, a Florentine legal notary, and also Caterina, a peasant. Leonardo had no surname in the modern-day sense – "da Vinci" simply an interpretation "of Vinci"; his full birth surname was "Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci", meaning "Leonardo, (son) of (Mes)ser Piero from Vinci". The consists of the location "ser" shown that Leonardo"s father to be a gentleman.

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Little is known about Leonardo"s beforehand life. He invested his first five year in the hamlet of Anchiano in the home of his mother, and also from 1457 resided in the family of his father, grandparents and uncle in the small town the Vinci. His father had married a sixteen-year-old girl called Albiera Amadori, that loved Leonardo yet died young in 1465 without children. Once Leonardo was 16 (1468), his father married again come twenty-year-old Francesca Lanfredini, who additionally died without children. Piero"s legitimate heirs were born from his third wife Margherita di Guglielmo (who provided birth to six children: Antonio, Giulian, Maddalena, Lorenzo, Violante and also Domenico) and his fourth and final wife, Lucrezia Cortigiani (who bore him another six children: Margherita, Benedetto, Pandolfo, Guglielmo, Bartolomeo and also Giovanni).

In all, Leonardo had twelve half-siblings, that were lot younger than him (the last to be born when Leonardo was fourty years old) and with who he had actually very couple of contacts, but they caused him an obstacle after his father"s death in the dispute over the inheritance.

Leonardo received casual education in Latin, geometry and also mathematics. In later on life, Leonardo recorded just two childhood incidents. One, i beg your pardon he regarded as one omen, was once a kite dropped indigenous the sky and also hovered end his cradle, that tail feathers brushing his face. The second occurred while he was exploring in the mountains: he discovered a cave and was both terrified that some an excellent monster can lurk there and also driven by curiosity to uncover out what was inside.

Leonardo"s beforehand life has been the topic of historical conjecture. Vasari, the 16th-century biographer of Renaissance painters, tells a story that Leonardo as a really young man: A regional peasant made self a round shield and also requested that Ser Piero have actually it painted because that him. Leonardo responded through a painting of a monster spitting fire that was therefore terrifying the Ser Piero marketed it to a Florentine art dealer, who offered it to the fight it out of Milan. Meanwhile, having made a profit, Ser Piero to buy a shield decorated v a heart pierced by one arrow, i beg your pardon he gave to the peasant.

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Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 1452 – 2 might 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or merely Leonardo, to be an Italian Renaissance polymath whose areas of interest contained invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously referred to as the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and also architecture, and also is widely taken into consideration one that the biggest painters of every time. Sometimes attributed with the developments of the parachute, helicopter and also tank, the epitomised the Renaissance humanist ideal.