What Is the standard of legal responsibility for pet Attacks?

The owner of an pet may be held liable for any kind of resulting injuries the their pet caused once they attacked another person. The typical of liability for an animal attack will mostly depend on 3 factors:

The legislations of the state in i beg your pardon the pet attack occurred;The form of animal that brought out the attack; andThe facts of a details case.

You are watching: People who keep domestic animals are strictly liable for any harm inflicted by the animals.

For example, the owner of a trained pet, such together a dog or cat, might only be held liable based on a conventional of negligence. 

Again, the basic standard that liability because that domestic animals will count on the state. For instance, in part states, a dog owner may be sued in polite court for negligence and also could face attack charges in criminal court. This can take place when a dog owner knows that their dog is dangerous, fails to placed them ~ above a leash, and also the dog assaults someone. 

Some claims have even enacted law that space specifically designed come impose liability on owner of domesticated animals who space negligent in warning other persons about their pet’s possibly dangerous characteristics. This is specifically true as soon as it involves state laws concerning liability for dog bites or attacks. Together statutes may likewise include exceptions or defenses to animal attack liability.

One various other standard of liability that is often connected with animal attacks is once a person is the owner of a wild or illegal animal. Because that example, if a person is the owner that a wild tiger and also lives in a jurisdiction where it is illegal to save a pets tiger, then they might be hosted to a standard of strict liability if their tiger injures or attacks an additional person favor a neighbor. 

If a person is organized to a strictly liability standard, it means that the human will become automatically responsible because that the damages, nevertheless of whether the various other party instigated the pet attack or not, and also no matter how severe the injuries they experienced from the attack. 

What Is one Exotic Animal?

As formerly mentioned, the exact definition of an exotic or wild pet will mainly depend top top the state in i m sorry a person resides. In general, however, an exotic animal is typically a kind of pet that deserve to be uncovered in the wild and also is not normally kept together a residence pet. 

This may encompass some kinds of gift snakes, jaguars, penguins, some types of bats, and crocodiles. Again, a decimal of says (as in one or two) may permit some the the pets in this list.

In the majority of instances involving exotic animal attacks, the owner will certainly be hosted strictly liable for any type of resulting injuries.

How can the Owner of an Exotic animal Be organized Liable because that Injury?

The owner of one exotic animal will be hosted liable because that injuries, regardless of whether or not they were negligent in maintaining the animal. This way that no issue how careful the owner of one exotic animal is in maintaining it fence in or locked up, they deserve to still be held liable because strict liability regulation says that their duty is one the is thought about to it is in absolute. 

The reason as to why exotic animal owners can be organized strict liability is since wild animals are commonly dangerous, unpredictable, and difficult to tame. Thus, the regulation does not permit for any mistakes as soon as owning together an exotic pet since engaging in this kind of activity creates a foreseeable risk of injury (i.e., that the exotic pet will strike other persons).

In bespeak to host the owner of one exotic pet liable because that one’s injuries, the hurt party must very first demonstrate that the exotic pet was under the owner’s control or that the owner introduced the pet to the environment. Next, the hurt party will have actually to present that ownership of the exotic animal in inquiry was impossible without incurring a high probability of risk. 

Additionally, they will also need to display that the damage inflicted was severe and that the surrounding community does not permit for together animals. However, the level of liability in these actions will rely on whether the injury resulted from the sort of hazard that makes a certain exotic pet dangerous. 

For instance, in states that allow ownership that elephants, an owner will just be organized strictly liable if the elephant hurts an additional individual by charging them or impaling them through its tusks. If the animal simply wanders end to a neighbor’s garden and also eats their vegetables, climate they might not it is in strictly liable. This is due to the fact that eating a garden is not taken into consideration the kind of inherently dangerous activity one would associate with exotic animals.

What Is a attention Animal?

A dangerous animal is not the exact same thing together an exotic animal. An exotic animal can be dangerous or it could simply it is in exotic because of that location, like if a person kept a penguin in new York City. Also, the hatchet dangerous animal is not specifically reserved because that exotic or wild animals. For instance, it have the right to be applied to residence pets that have dangerous traits, such as details dog breeds or a pet whose owner knows that it often bites and also attacks people.

A court may take into consideration several determinants when determining even if it is an pet is danger or has actually a propensity because that danger, including:

The basic characteristics associated with a certain species. Because that example, if a human being tried to store a good white shark in your outdoor pool and also a next-door neighbor’s kid wandered over because that a swim, it would be foreseeable if the shark little bit the child. 

The court may also review the characteristics of the particular animal that resulted in the injury. Because that instance, golden retrievers are typically thought of together a playful and docile dog breed. However, this walk not average that every gold retriever will certainly act accordingly. So, if a person’s gold retriever is particularly vicious, this will factor into a court’s decision. 

Additionally, a court will review whether the pet has a history of former attacks and if the owner was aware of this fact. If an animal has a history of front attacks, then it will likely be thought about to it is in dangerous and also thus may cause liability.

Lastly, if the pet in inquiry is a wild or exotic species (i.e., no a house pet), then a court may presume that its owner is aware of the animal’s dangerous characteristics. This is true even if the animal does not have a history of prior attacks. 

Are There various other Penalties because that Owning one Exotic Animal?

Aside from having to pay financial damages to hurt parties, a human being may confront other penalties for owning an exotic animal as well. For example, a person may be topic to criminal fees or fines if they very own an exotic animal that is thought about to be illegal in their state or neighborhood county.

Owning details exotic animals may likewise be a violation of federal laws. Because that instance, if an pet is ~ above the endangered varieties list or some other federal law that makes it illegal to very own the animal, climate a human being could face fines of increase to thousands of dollars.

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Should I call a Lawyer?

Attacks lugged out through exotic pets can result in serious after-effects for both the owner of the exotic animal and the persons hurt by them. Thus, even if it is you room the victim of one exotic pet attack or you room the owner of an exotic pet that is responsible for injuring one more individual, you might want to take into consideration hiring a local an individual injury lawyer for additional legal advice. 

An experienced an individual injury lawyer can discuss your state’s exotic pet laws the are appropriate to your case and also can help you v preparing and also filing a lawsuit. Her lawyer will additionally be maybe to represent you in court if necessary.


Jaclyn started at stclairdrake.net in October 2019. Her duty entails creating legal short articles for the law library division, located on the stclairdrake.net website. Before joining stclairdrake.net, Jaclyn was a paralegal and also freelance writer. After several years of working for both criminal defense and entertainment law firms, she enrolled in regulation school.While in law school, her legislation journal note was selected because that first-round publishing, and also can be discovered on miscellaneous legal study databases. Jaclyn holds a J.D. Indigenous Benjamin N. Cardozo school of Law, specializing in both pundit property law and data law; and also a B.A. From Fordham University, majoring in both Journalism and also the standards (Latin). You deserve to learn more about Jaclyn here.


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