Most veterinary surgical procedure terms describing actions are composed of a prefix and also a suffix. The prefix is the an initial part the the word, which usually refers to the organ or structure that is involved. The suffix is the last component of the word and often denotes the type of procedure. Because that example, a thoracotomy (a surgical procedure entailing an scratch in the thorax) can be separated into the prefix: thoraco- and the suffix -otomy. Thoraco- refers to the thorax and also -otomy denotes a operation procedure in i m sorry a framework is cut. Further summary can be added to better describe the ar or procedure being performed. For example, a sternal thoracotomy (also well-known as a "sternotomy") requires an incision with the sternum to go into the thoracic cavity vice versa, an intercostal thoracotomy is an scratch in the thorax in between two ribs.

A couple of suffixes are commonly linked to prefixes to explain surgical procedures performed in veterinarian medicine. Finding out these suffixes will facilitate your understanding and also prevent you from gift overwhelmed by the terminology. That will also ensure that you usage correct terminology once describing steps to your peers.

You are watching: The meaning of the suffix in thoracotomy is:

- OTOMY:

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-otomyA operation procedure in which a framework is cut.

Gastrotomy: A gastrotomy is a procedure in i m sorry an scratch (-otomy) is made into the stomach (gastro-). This is frequently performed to achieve a gastric biopsy or to eliminate a international body. The incision is then sutured closed.

Cystotomy: A cystotomy is a procedure in i beg your pardon an incision (-otomy) is made into the urinary bladder (cysto-). This is frequently performed to eliminate urinary calculi (stones) or acquire bladder wall surface biopsies. The scratch is climate sutured closed.

Celiotomy: A celiotomy is a procedure in i m sorry an scratch (-otomy) is made with the abdominal wall surface (celio-), usually v the midline. Laparotomy is supplied interchangeably yet in the strict sense actually defines an abdominal muscle approach with a flank incision.

-ECTOMY:

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-ectomyA operation procedure in i beg your pardon a part of tissue is eliminated / resected.

Ovariohysterectomy: An ovariohysterectomy is a procedure in i m sorry the ovaries (ovario-) and also uterus (-hyster-) room surgically eliminated (-ectomy). This prevents cycling, pregnancy and the development of uterine epidemic (pyometra). It is generally known as a "spay" procedure.

Femoral Head and Neck Ostectomy: A femoral head and neck ostectomy is a procedure in i beg your pardon the head and neck that the femur are surgically eliminated (-ectomy). This is typically performed to palliate dogs v hip dysplasia. It is commonly known together an FHO (femoral head and neck ostectomy).

-STOMY:

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-ostomyA surgical procedure in i m sorry a brand-new opening is produced on a short-term or irreversible basis.

Tracheostomy: A tracheostomy is a procedure in which a new permanent opened ostomy) is produced through the skin that the neck into the trachea (tracheo-).

Gastrostomy: A tube gastrostomy is a procedure in which a pipe is put through the body wall and right into the stomach in order to develop a new, short-term opening in the stomach. This pipe is typically used to feed a patient that is anorexic or the cannot tolerate oral feeding.

Urethrostomy: A urethrostomy is a procedure in which a brand-new permanent opened (-ostomy) is produced in the urethra (urethro-) that communicates through the skin. In this case, a scrotal urethrostomy to be performed in ~ the level of the scrotal urethra.

-PLASTY:

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-plastyA surgical procedure in i beg your pardon an alteration is performed come an body organ or body structure, it is typically permanent. Think the plastic surgery. The hatchet ""-plasty"" is additionally used together a suffix once an fabricated prosthesis is implanted to change an initial body part.

Hip Arthroplasty: A complete hip arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that involves replacing the hip joint (arthro-) with a prosthetic implant (-plasty) (also know as "total i know good replacement").

Cheiloplasty: A cheiloplasty is a surgical procedure that entails the repair or surgical modification (-plasty) that the lip (cheilo-).

Vulvoplasty: A vulvoplasty is a operation procedure the surgically alters the shape (-plasty) of the vulva (vulvo-). This procedure is regularly performed to correct an underdeveloped vulva or a vulva the is recessed due to excessive perineal fat in one overweight patient.

-PEXY:

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-pexyA operation procedure in i beg your pardon a long-term or temporary adhesion is created in between two frameworks (usually using suture, sometimes using a tube).

Gastropexy: A gastropexy is a procedure in i beg your pardon the stomach (gastro-) is affixed (-pexy) to the abdominal wall. This procedure is commonly performed to stop the recurrence of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) in dogs.

-OSCOPY:

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-oscopyA surgical procedure including the use of one optical tool (an endoscope, an otoscope, one arthroscope, etc.) to visualize offal or structures.

Laparoscopy: Laparoscopy is a procedure in i m sorry an optical instrument (laparoscope) is supplied to visualize the abdominal muscle organs (laparo-) in a minimally invasive manner.

-RRHAPHY:

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-rrhaphyA surgical procedure in i beg your pardon a framework is sutured or repaired.

Herniorraphy: A herniorrhaphy explains the surgical fix (-rrhaphy) that a hernia (hernio-). Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia is common second to gift hit by a car.

Cystorrhaphy: A cystorrhaphy is the surgical repair (-rrhaphy) that a tear in the bladder wall (cysto-).

-CENTESIS:

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-centesisA operation procedure in which a cavity or framework is punctured in order come aspirate fluid, air or tissue. Paracentesis is periodically used synonymously.

Abdominoscentesis: Abdominocentesis or abdominal muscle paracentesis requires puncture (-centesis) of the abdominal muscle cavity (abdomino-) using a little trocar or needle and also is commonly performed come aspirate totally free abdominal liquid (also well-known as effusion).

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Throacocentesis: Thoracocentesis involves puncture (-centesis) of the thoracic cavity (thoraco-) in order to aspirate free fluid or air. This procedure is typically performed come treat pneumothorax (pneumo = air), a problem in which free air accumulates within the thoracic cavity and compresses the lungs resulting in respiratory difficulty.