Seizures take place when nerve cells in the mind send the end sudden, excessive, uncontrolled electric signals.

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Generalized seizuresoccur as soon as nerve cells inboth sides of the brainare connected at the same time (Picture 1).

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When the seizure starts, the human being is not aware of his or her surroundings. A human being who is around to have actually a generalized seizure may have actually no warning the it will certainly happen. However, just before it starts there may be a readjust in behavior, such as being irritable or emotion restless.

There are 6 types of generalized seizures:

Tonic-clonic

Myoclonic

Tonic

Absence

Atonic

Clonic

Tonic-clonic Seizures

Tonic-clonic (TON ik KLON ik) seizures room the many common type of generalised seizure. In ~ the start of the seizure, the son is not mindful of his surroundings. He may make an unusual sound. The tonic phase is the very first stage the the seizure as soon as the entirety body becomes stiff.

The eye roll ago or come the side. The student of the eye may adjust size. Breath becomes really slow and shallow. The love rate might change. The child may bite his tongue, butit is impossible for the son to sloop down his tongue.

Thetonicphase is followed by trembling movements, dubbed aclonicphase. Clonic actions incorporate jerking of the face, head, arms and also legs. As the seizure continues, the jerking decreases.

After the seizure, the boy becomes limp. He may urinate, have actually a bowel activity or vomit. This is the start of thepost-ictalphase. During this time, the child might be confused, in a "fighting" mood, or tough to wake up or he may sleep for number of hours. Once the kid wakes up, he will not mental anything around the seizure and also may complain that tiredness, headache or ill muscles.

Absence Seizures

Absence (AB sens) seizures come on quickly and last a brief time (30 seconds or less). The kid recovers right away. V an lack seizure, the child merely stares into space. That does no speak or hear what is spoken. The seizure may include eye blinking.

When the seizure is over, the child proceeds with what he was doing prior to the seizure. He might not recognize he had a seizure. This form of seizure deserve to be mistake for difficulties with learning, actions or coordination because the child may seem perplexed or "spaced-out." lack seizures may happen numerous times a day.

Myoclonic Seizures

Myoclonic (MY five KLON ik) seizures room brief, suddenly jerks the the body. The whole body may be connected or the seizure may be limited to the face, trunk, arms or legs. The seizure might be just one jerk or number of jerks in a row.

The child with myoclonic seizures might complain about dropping or spilling points or may uncover himself ~ above the floor and also not remember just how he got there. Unequal other generalized seizures, the boy usually is conscious of his/her surroundings throughout the event and also may know he has had actually a jerk.

Atonic Seizures

With one atonic (ay TON ik) seizure (also referred to as “drop” seizures), the child has a sudden loss that muscle tone and control. If he is standing, the will autumn suddenly to the floor. The seizure may be followed by a short duration of confusion.

Tonic Seizures

With a tonic (TON ik) seizure the son stiffens. He might look choose he is shivering or having a "cold chill." The muscles execute not relax until the seizure is over. The stiffening might be intense enough to reason the boy to fall.

After the seizure, the child becomes limp. He might urinate, have a bowel activity or vomit. This is the begin of thepost-ictalphase. During this time, the child may be confused, in a "fighting" mood, or hard to awaken or he may sleep for several hours. Once the boy wakes up, he will certainly not remember anything around the seizure and may complain of tiredness, headache or sick muscles.

Clonic Seizures

With a clonic (KLON ik) seizure the human body stiffens and also relaxes in a rhythmic way. It might look like jerking of the entire body.

After the seizure, the son becomes limp. He might urinate, have a bowel activity or vomit. This is the start of thepost-ictalphase. Throughout this time, the child might be confused, in a "fighting" mood, or hard to awaken or he might sleep for several hours. Once the kid wakes up, he will not psychic anything around the seizure and also may complain the tiredness, headache or ill muscles.

When to acquire Emergency Help

Absence, myoclonic and atonic seizures generally last just a fewseconds. Tonic-clonic, tonic and also clonic seizures typically last just a fewminutes.It is vital to rememberseizures perform not typically cause brain damage unless they last for over 30-60 minutes.However, friend should contact for emergency assist if any of the adhering to occurs:

Your child has trouble breathing throughout the seizure and also his or her color

The seizure lasts an ext than 5 minutes and you carry out not have a seizure rescue

Your boy chokes top top blood, vomit,

Your child is injured during a autumn or throughout the seizure and needs very first aid (a poor cut or damaged bone).

Have someone stay close come your son after the seizure. In ~ 30 minutes you should have the ability to get some response from him, together as opening his eyes, pushing you far or start to arouse. If girlfriend cannot get any response from your kid 30 minutes after the seizure, call 911.

To learn an ext about just how to treatment for your child throughout a seizure, ask for Helping Hand HH- I-61,Seizure Care.

If you have any kind of questions, you re welcome ask your medical professional or nurse or call.

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If you must speak with someone after consistent office hours, call the hospital operator at (614) 722-2000 and ask to speak v the neurology physician on call.

Seizures - generalized (PDF)