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alienation effect, additionally called a-effect or distancing effect, German Verfremdungseffekt or V-effekt, idea main to the dramatic theory of the German dramatist-director Bertolt Brecht. It entails the usage of methods designed to distance the audience from emotional involvement in the play v jolting reminders the the artificiality that the theatrical performance.

Examples of together techniques encompass explanatory captions or illustrations projected ~ above a screen; gibbs stepping the end of character to lecture, summarize, or song songs; and stage draft that do not represent any type of locality but that, through exposing the lights and ropes, store the spectators mindful of gift in a theatre. The audience’s degree of identification through characters and also events is presumably thus controlled, and it have the right to more clearly perceive the “real” people reflected in the drama.

Brecht conceived the alienation impact not only as a details aesthetic program but also as a politics mission of the theatre. Inspired by the ideologies of G.W.F. Hegel and Karl Marx and by Viktor Shklovsky’s concept of ostranenie (“making it strange,” or defamiliarization), Brecht related to his technique as a means of help spectators understand the facility nexuses of historical advancement and societal relationships. By developing stage results that were strange or unusual, Brecht intended to assign the audience one active duty in the manufacturing by forcing them to ask questions around the artificial environment and also how every individual aspect related come real-life events. In doing so, it was hoped that viewers would distance themselves emotionally from difficulties that demanded intellectual solutions.

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