The Nez Perce contact themselves Niimíipuu – “The People.” The surname nez percé (“pierced nose”) come from French Canadian fur traders in the 18th century, an erroneous identification as sleep piercing was never ever practiced by the tribe.

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Nez Perce chef Joseph, one of the most well known tribal leaders in American history. His surrender speech consisted of the poetic phrase, “From whereby the sun currently stands, I will certainly fight no an ext forever.”

The Nez Perce tribe was in the history nomadic, traveling v the seasons from buffalo hunting in the good Plains to salmon fishing at Celilo Falls. 17 million acres in what is currently Idaho, Oregon, Washington and also Montana comprised the tribe’s homeland. Today, the Nez Perce Indian Reservation is composed of 750,000 acres, of which the tribe or lack members very own 13 percent. The tribe, with an enrolled member of about 3,500 (2011), is headquartered in Lapwai, Idaho.

The management of land and natural resources continues to be paramount because that the Nez Perce. A strong tribal fish routine employs virtually 50 full-time and part-time workers. Nez Perce co-management responsibilities expand to the Columbia, Snake, Tucannon, Grande Ronde, Imnaha, Clearwater, and Salmon drainages. Lack members fish top top the Clearwater River, i m sorry runs through the reservation close to its northern and eastern borders, and on the Columbia, Rapid, and also Selway rivers.

The basic Council, which has all voting-age members that the tribe, elects the nine-person Nez Perce Tribal executive Committee (NPTEC), the tribe’s administrate body. The tribe’s fish and wildlife committee is directly elected throughout General Council. The Nez Perce delegation come consists of the NPTEC organic Resources Subcommittee and also the members that the Fish and Wildlife Committee.


The Nez Perce people has merged traditional expertise with state-of-the-art science to create an imaginative hatchery in the heart of their reservation. There isn’t a straight concrete rearing pond in sight; instead, you discover ponds that mimic the swift Idaho rivers and also streams that circulation throughout the Nez Perce reservation.

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The Nez Perce preventive is dark green and also the soil they delivered to the United states is light green. The Columbia basin is dark tan.

Related Links

Visit the Nez Perce website

Read the 1855 Nez Perce treaty

Nez Perce National historic Park

Nez Perce in ~ a Glance

LocationNorth-central Idaho750,000 acre reservationLanguagesNez Perce (related come Sahaptin)EnglishReligionsSeven DrumsChristian denominationsPre-Treaty EconomyHuntingFishingGatheringTrade from great Plains areas westward down the ColumbiaHorse breedingTribal EnterprisesConvenience storesNez Perce Forest commodities Enterprise