Clement Greenberg to be the outspoken voice of 20th century American abstract Art, supporting the summary Expressionists and also The Colour field Painters. His ideas now define the above Modernist era.
You are watching: What is art critic and collector clement greenberg famous for
Newfoundland by Helen Frankenthaler, 1975, exclusive Collection
Renowned art doubter Clement Greenberg was one of the most influential and also respected voices the the 20th century. Known today as the “voice the American art,” his bold and outspoken solemn event of American abstract art in the 1940s and 1950s rotate artists including Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning and also Barnett Newman into family members names. Believing art should be distilled down into its purest, simplest and most poetic nature of line, colour and flat surface, Greenberg’s ideas influenced whole generation, leading them to develop some the the many iconic artworks of every time. “Modernism,” he wrote, “used arts to contact attention come art.”
Clement Greenberg, 1982, The arts Newspaper
Born in the Bronx to Jewish-Lithuanian immigrants, Clement Greenberg learned English literary works at Syracuse University. After graduating that drifted between jobs before finding his means into the tape of writers and critics who called themselves the brand-new York Intellectuals, including Susan Sontag and Harold Rosenberg. Countless were Jewish and supported left-wing politics, integrating literary concept with Marxist beliefs, yet they rubbish Stalin, leaning rather towards the liberalist ideas of Trotskyism.
Many the Greenberg’s principles initially came from knife Marx, an especially the id that abstract avant-garde arts was a bold and revolutionary relocate away from oppressive political energy led by the Nazis or Communists. Another major influence top top Greenberg’s ideas was the German artist and educator Hans Hofmann. In 1938 and 1939 Greenberg walk to several of Hoffmann’s lectures which emphasized the prestige of a “formal” understanding in art, where color, line, surface, and also the relationship between planes ~ above a flat surface were deemed more important than figurative or literary content.
Celebrating the Avant-Garde
See more: How Many Meters In A Square Kilometer To Square Meter, Popup Calculator
Lava through Hans Hoffman, 1960, personal Collection
Much that Clement Greenberg’s earliest an important writing showed up in brand-new York’s liberal Partisan Review, and was heavily influenced by the concepts of Hans Hoffmann. It was in the Partisan review that Greenberg published the first of his most significant essays, title Avant-Garde and Kitsch, 1939, which created the structure for numerous of his future ideas.