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Jamaica more Information

Fact File*

The nationwide motto the Jamaica is "Out the many, one people" mirroring the multicultural blend of the regional population, African, English, Spanish, Indian, Chinese, and also more.

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LocationJamaica is situated in the center of the Caribbean, in between 17.5 degrees and also 18.5 levels north latitude and 76.5 degrees and 78.5 levels west longitude. Cuba is 90 miles north.


Size:Jamaica is the 3rd largest of the Caribbean Islands. Cuba is the largest with the 2nd place taken by Hispaniola which consists of the countries of Haiti and also the Dominican Republic. The the English-speaking islands in the Caribbean, Jamaica is the biggest with about 4400 square miles of soil area. The is 146 mile long and 51 miles wide, possessing around 550 mile of coastline.Topography:It is claimed that Columbus explained Jamaica together "a land of hills and also valleys" and crumpled a piece of record to show its topography. Almost fifty percent of Jamaica is over 1000 feet over sea level and around 40 square mile is above 5000 feet.
Climate:The mountainous personality of Jamaica create a wide variety of micro-climates. The northeast winds blow on regular basis throughout the year. Throughout the day, the sea breeze blows onshore and also at night, the soil breeze blows off- shore. During the American winter season, cold fronts may influence Jamaica, creating very strong cold winds, rain, and also a readjust in wind direction native the North.

Temperature:There is tiny seasonal adjust in average day-to-day temperatures in the lower regions that Jamaica wherein the bulk of the populace resides. Readings at St. George's university Station, Kingston:

July typical Low in ~ 75.1 degrees F, mean High in ~ 90.7 degrees FJanuary average Low in ~ 69.1 level F, mean High at 86.7 degrees F

Temperatures space 10 come 20 degrees F cooler in the highlands, but the summits the the Blue Mountains have seen light frosts on winter nights.

Rainfall:Higher than typical rainfall occurs throughout September come October, complied with by might to June. The significant dry period is native January to March. The average annual rainfall that 77.1 inch is strongly affected by the terrain. The northeast the the island obtain the most rain. Locations of the west end additionally receive high rainfall.

Daily Winds:Daily winds construct along the coastlines with great regularity and have better climatic influence than seasonal variations. Typically, the sea breeze commences in the morning, reaches its maximum velocity of around 20 knots at midday, and then progressively subsides in the afternoon, once they often develop afternoon showers in the interior.

Hurricanes:The hurricane season operation from July to November with the biggest possibility the a hit gift August, September and also October. The most recent straight hits were-October 24, 2012September 12, 1988August 1951August 1944Note: Hurricane Ivan skirted the South coast of Jamaica, 20 miles offshore, top top September 11, 2004.

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Source: The nationwide Atlas of Jamaica, ready by the town Planning department of the to adjust of Finance and also Planning through the help of the united Nations advancement Programme task "Assistance in Physical development Planning".