Phosphorus

facet 15 of regular table is Phosphorus v atomic number 15, atomic load 30.973761. Phosphorus, price P, has a simple Triclinic structure and also Colorless color. Phosphorus is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial surname of Phosphorus is pentels, pnictogens*. Recognize everything around Phosphorus Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Phosphorus is a chemical facet with price P and atomic number 15. Together an element, phosphorus exist in two significant forms—white phosphorus and also red phosphorus—but as result of its high reactivity, phosphorus is never uncovered as a totally free element ~ above Earth. Instead phosphorus-containing minerals are virtually always existing in your maximally oxidised state, as not natural phosphate rocks.

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Phosphorus Facts

Read vital information and facts around element Phosphorus

surname Phosphorus
atom Number 15
atom Symbol P
Atomic load 30.973761
step Solid
color Colorless
Classification other nonmetal
team in routine Table 15
Group Name nitrogen household
period in periodic Table 3
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p3
Melting point 44.2 °C
Boiling allude 280.5 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 5>
CAS Number CAS7723-14-0

community
6
C
7
N
8
O
14
Si
15
P
16
S
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to find Phosphorus on routine Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Regular table beginning at optimal left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom best (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look because that atomic number 15 to discover Phosphorus on regular table.

Another method to read periodic table and also locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Phosphorus on regular table look because that cross section of group 15 and duration 3 in the modern periodic table.

discover Interactive routine Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Phosphorus with other elements

Phosphorus History

The facet Phosphorus was uncovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany . Phosphorus obtained its name from the Greek native phoosphoros, "carrying light"

Phosphorus Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table listed below shows the variety of Phosphorus in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in universe 7e-06
abundance in sun 7e-06
abundance in Meteorites 0.0011
Abundance in Earth"s crust 0.00099
variety in oceans 7×10-6%
variety in human beings 0.011

Crystal framework of Phosphorus

The solid state structure of Phosphorus is Simple Triclinic.

The decision structure have the right to be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional an are to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
1145 550.3 1126.1 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
1.25384 1.57725 1.24896

The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a reference lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are described by the concept of an are groups. All possible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional an are are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

space Group surname P-1
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an are Group Number 2
Crystal framework Simple Triclinic

Phosphorus Atomic and Orbital Properties

Phosphorus atoms have 15 electrons and also the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 5> through Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.


atomic Number 15
Number of electrons (with no charge) 15
Number that Protons 15
Mass Number 31
Number of Neutrons 16
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 5>
Electron configuration 3s2 3p3
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p3
Oxidation State -3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2

Shell structure of Phosphorus - electron per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration the Phosphorus - neutral Phosphorus atom

The floor state digital configuration that Neutral Phosphorus atom is 3s2 3p3. The portion of Phosphorus configuration that is identical to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated as . For atoms with countless electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as it is the Valence electron 3s2 3p3, electrons in the outermost covering that identify the chemistry properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Phosphorus

Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Phosphorus atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3

Atomic framework of Phosphorus

Phosphorus atomic radius is 98 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 106 pm.

atomic Radius

98 pm (0.98 Å)

Atomic Volume 16.9905436094 cm3
Covalent Radius 106 pm (1.06 Å)
valve der Waals Radius 180 pm
neutron Cross ar 0.18 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Phosphorus

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Phosphorus chemical Properties: Phosphorus Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity the Phosphorus is 72 kJ/mol

Valence 5
Electronegativity 2.19
ElectronAffinity 72 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Phosphorus

Refer come table below for Ionization energies of Phosphorus

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 1011.8
2 1907
3 2914.1
4 4963.6
5 6273.9
6 21267
7 25431
8 29872
9 35905
10 40950

Phosphorus physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Phosphorus physics Properties

density 1.823 g/cm3
Molar Volume 16.9905436094 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus 11 GPa
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness the Phosphorus - tests to measure of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness N/A
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Phosphorus electric Properties

Phosphorus is Conductor of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electric properties that Phosphorus

electric Conductivity 1×107 S/m
Resistivity 1×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting point N/A

Phosphorus Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 0.236 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Phosphorus Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -1.13×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -3.5×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.06e-05

Optical properties of Phosphorus

Refractive index 1.001212

Acoustic nature of Phosphorus

rate of Sound N/A

Phosphorus thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table listed below for heat properties the Phosphorus

Melting point 317.3 K (44.2 °C)
Boiling allude 553.6 K (280.5 °C)
an essential Temperature N/A
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies the Phosphorus

warmth of blend 0.64 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 12.4 kJ/mol
heat of burning "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)

Phosphorus isotope - atom Properties of Phosphorus

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Phosphorus has actually 1 stable isotope - 31P.


Isotope Isotope fixed % variety T fifty percent Decay mode
24P
25P
26P
27P
28P
29P
30P
31P 100% secure N/A
32P
33P
34P
35P
36P
37P
38P
39P
40P
41P
42P
43P
44P
45P
46P

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7723-14-0
RTECS Number N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A
dot Hazard class N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A
dot Numbers "N/A", 1338, 1381, 2447, "N/A"
EU Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A, 0, 4, N/A
NFPA perils N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
NFPA health Rating N/A, 0, 4, N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A, 2, 2, N/A
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of unique identifiers to search the facet in various chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS) CAS7723-14-0
CID Number CID5462309, CID5462309, CID123286, CID5460700
Gmelin Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NSC Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
RTECS Number N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A

Compare Phosphorus with all Group 15 elements

Phosphorus vs Nitrogen Phosphorus vs Arsenic Phosphorus vs Antimony Phosphorus vs Bismuth Phosphorus vs Moscovium

Compare Phosphorus through all other nonmetal elements

Phosphorus vs Hydrogen Phosphorus vs Carbon Phosphorus vs Nitrogen Phosphorus vs Oxygen Phosphorus vs Sulfur Phosphorus vs Selenium