facet 15 of regular table is Phosphorus v atomic number 15, atomic load 30.973761. Phosphorus, price P, has a simple Triclinic structure and also Colorless color. Phosphorus is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial surname of Phosphorus is pentels, pnictogens*. Recognize everything around Phosphorus Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Phosphorus is a chemical facet with price P and atomic number 15. Together an element, phosphorus exist in two significant forms—white phosphorus and also red phosphorus—but as result of its high reactivity, phosphorus is never uncovered as a totally free element ~ above Earth. Instead phosphorus-containing minerals are virtually always existing in your maximally oxidised state, as not natural phosphate rocks.
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Read vital information and facts around element Phosphorus
|team in routine Table||15|
|Group Name||nitrogen household|
|period in periodic Table||3|
|Block in periodic Table||p-block|
|Melting point||44.2 °C|
|Boiling allude||280.5 °C|
|Electronic covering Structure||<2, 8, 5>|
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How to find Phosphorus on routine Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Regular table beginning at optimal left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom best (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look because that atomic number 15 to discover Phosphorus on regular table.
Another method to read periodic table and also locate an element is by using group number (column) and period number (row). To locate Phosphorus on regular table look because that cross section of group 15 and duration 3 in the modern periodic table.
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Table that Contents
Atomic & orbit Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Phosphorus with other elements
The facet Phosphorus was uncovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany . Phosphorus obtained its name from the Greek native phoosphoros, "carrying light"
Phosphorus Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us
The table listed below shows the variety of Phosphorus in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.
|diversity in universe||7e-06|
|abundance in sun||7e-06|
|abundance in Meteorites||0.0011|
|Abundance in Earth"s crust||0.00099|
|variety in oceans||7×10-6%|
|variety in human beings||0.011|
Crystal framework of Phosphorus
The solid state structure of Phosphorus is Simple Triclinic.
The decision structure have the right to be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional an are to kind the structure.
Unit cell Parameters
The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a reference lattice point.
The symmetry nature of the crystal are described by the concept of an are groups. All possible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional an are are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.
|space Group surname||P-1|| |
|an are Group Number||2|
|Crystal framework||Simple Triclinic|
Phosphorus Atomic and Orbital Properties
Phosphorus atoms have 15 electrons and also the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 5> through Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 4S3/2.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||15|
|Number that Protons||15|
|Number of Neutrons||16|
|Shell framework (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 8, 5>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p3|
|Oxidation State||-3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5|
|Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||4S3/2|
Shell structure of Phosphorus - electron per energy level
Ground State electronic Configuration the Phosphorus - neutral Phosphorus atomThe floor state digital configuration that Neutral Phosphorus atom is
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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Phosphorus
Complete ground state electronic configuration for the Phosphorus atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Atomic framework of Phosphorus
Phosphorus atomic radius is 98 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 106 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
98 pm (0.98 Å)
|Atomic Volume||16.9905436094 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||106 pm (1.06 Å)|
|valve der Waals Radius||180 pm|
|neutron Cross ar||0.18 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum of Phosphorus
Phosphorus chemical Properties: Phosphorus Ionization Energies and also electron affinity
The electron affinity the Phosphorus is 72 kJ/mol
Ionization power of Phosphorus
Refer come table below for Ionization energies of Phosphorus
Phosphorus physical Properties
Refer to listed below table because that Phosphorus physics Properties
|Molar Volume||16.9905436094 cm3|
|mass Modulus||11 GPa|
Hardness the Phosphorus - tests to measure of Hardness that Element
Phosphorus electric Properties
Phosphorus is Conductor of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electric properties that Phosphorus
|electric Conductivity||1×107 S/m|
|Resistivity||1×10-7 m Ω|
Phosphorus Heat and also Conduction Properties
|thermal Conductivity||0.236 W/(m K)|
Phosphorus Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.13×10-8|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-3.5×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-2.06e-05|
Optical properties of Phosphorus
Acoustic nature of Phosphorus
|rate of Sound||N/A|
Phosphorus thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer to table listed below for heat properties the Phosphorus
|Melting point||317.3 K (44.2 °C)|
|Boiling allude||553.6 K (280.5 °C)|
|an essential Temperature||N/A|
Enthalpies the Phosphorus
|warmth of blend||0.64 kJ/mol|
|warmth of Vaporization||12.4 kJ/mol|
|heat of burning||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)|
Phosphorus isotope - atom Properties of Phosphorus
Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally emerging Phosphorus has actually 1 stable isotope - 31P.
Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|RTECS Number||N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A|
|dot Hazard class||N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A|
|dot Numbers||"N/A", 1338, 1381, 2447, "N/A"|
|EU Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A, 0, 4, N/A|
|NFPA perils||N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A|
|NFPA health Rating||N/A, 0, 4, N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A, 2, 2, N/A|
list of unique identifiers to search the facet in various chemical registry databases
|CAS Number - chemical Abstracts business (CAS)||CAS7723-14-0|
|CID Number||CID5462309, CID5462309, CID123286, CID5460700|
|Gmelin Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NSC Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|RTECS Number||N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A|