Or any type of two flavors: banana, chocolate, banana, vanilla, or chocolate, vanilla,

Or all three seasonings (no that isn"t greedy),

Or you can say "none at all thanks", which is the "empty set":

Example: The collection alex, billy, casey, dale

Has the subsets:

alexbillyetc ...

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It likewise has the subsets:

alex, billyalex, caseybilly, daleetc ...


alex, billy, caseyalex, billy, daleetc ...

And also:

the totality set: alex, billy, casey, dalethe empty set:

Now let"s begin with the Empty collection and move on up ...

TheEmpty Set

How many subsets does the empty collection have?

You might choose:

the whole set: the empty set:

But, cave on a minute, in this situation those are the very same thing!

So theempty collection really has actually just 1 subset (whichis itself, the empty set).

It is favor asking "There is naught available, for this reason what do you choose?" prize "nothing". The is your just choice. Done.

ASet through One Element

The set could it is in anything, yet let"s just say that is:


How countless subsets walk the collection apple have?

the totality set: applethe north set:

And that"s all.Youcanchoose the one element, or nothing.

So any collection with one aspect will have 2 subsets.

ASet through Two Elements

Let"s add another facet to our instance set:

apple, banana

How numerous subsets go the set apple, banana have?

It might have apple, or banana, and also don"t forget:

the totality set: apple, bananathe empty set:

So a set with two facets has 4 subsets.

ASet With three Elements

How about:

apple, banana, cherry

OK, let"s be much more systematic now, and also list the subsets by just how many aspects they have:

Subsets v one element: apple, banana, cherry

Subsets with two elements: apple, banana, apple, cherry, banana, cherry


the totality set: apple, banana, cherrythe north set:

In truth we could put that in a table:

ListNumber that subsets
zero elements1
one elementapple, banana, cherry 3
two elementsapple, banana, apple, cherry, banana, cherry3
three elementsapple, banana, cherry1

(Note: walk you watch a sample in the number there?)

Setswith Four aspects (Your Turn!)

Now try to perform the same for this set:

apple, banana, cherry, date

Here is a table for you:

ListNumber of subsets
zero elements
one element
two elements
three elements
four elements

(Note: if you did this right, there will be a sample to the numbers.)

Setswith five Elements

And now:

apple, banana, cherry, date, egg

Here is a table for you:

ListNumber that subsets
zero elements
one element
two elements
three elements
four elements
five elements

(Was there a sample to the numbers?)

Setswith six Elements

What about:

apple, banana, cherry, date, egg, fudge

OK ... We don"t need to complete a table, because...

How numerous subsets room there for a collection of 6 elements? _____How plenty of subsets are there for a set of 7 elements? _____


Now let"s think about subsets and sizes:

Theemptyset hasjust 1subset: 1A collection with one aspect has 1 subset v no elements and 1subset with one element: 1 1A collection with twoelements has actually 1 subset through no elements, 2 subsets through one element and also 1 subset v two elements: 12 1A set with threeelements has actually 1 subset v no elements, 3 subsets with oneelement, 3 subsets through two elements and also 1 subset with threeelements: 1 3 3 1and for this reason on!

Do you identify thispattern the numbers?

They room the number from Pascal"sTriangle!


This is very useful, since now girlfriend can check if you have actually the right number of subsets.

Note: the rows begin at 0, and an in similar way the columns.

Example: for the set apple, banana, cherry, date, egg you perform subsets of length three:

apple, banana, cherryapple, banana, dateapple, banana, eggapple, cherry, egg

But the is just 4 subsets, how plenty of should over there be?

Well, friend are choosing 3 out of 5, so go to row 5, position 3 of Pascal"s Triangle (remember to begin counting in ~ 0) to uncover you need 10 subsets, for this reason you should think harder!

In truth these room the results: apple,banana,cherry apple,banana,date apple,banana,egg apple,cherry,date apple,cherry,egg apple,date,egg banana,cherry,date banana,cherry,egg banana,date,egg cherry,date,egg

Calculating The Numbers

Is over there a method of calculating the number such as 1, 4, 6, 4 and also 1 (instead of looking them increase in Pascal"s Triangle)?

Yes, us can uncover the number of ways of picking each number ofelements making use of Combinations.

There space four aspects in the set, and:

The number of ways ofselecting 0 aspects from 4 = 4C0 = 1The number of ways ofselecting 1 facet from 4 = 4C1 = 4The number of ways of selecting 2 facets from 4 = 4C2 = 6The variety of ways of picking 3 aspects from 4 = 4C3 = 4The variety of ways of choosing 4 aspects from 4 = 4C4 = 1 total number ofsubsets = 16
The number of waysofselecting 0 aspects from 5 = 5C0 = 1The variety of ways ofselecting 1 element from 5 = ___________The number of ways of choosing 2 facets from 5 = ___________The variety of ways of picking 3 elements from 5 = ___________The number of ways of selecting 4 aspects from 5 = ___________Thenumber of means of choosing 5 aspects from 5 = ___________ Total number of subsets = ___________


In this task you have:

Discovered a rule fordetermining the total number of subsets because that a offered set: A collection with nelements has 2n subsets.Found a connection betweenthe numbers of subsets that each size with the number in Pascal"striangle.Discovered a quick way tocalculate these numbers making use of Combinations.

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Moreimportantly you have learned how different branches of math canbe merged together.