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soft palate, additionally called palatal velum, velum, or muscular palate, in mammals, structure consisting that muscle and connective organization that forms the roof that the posterior (rear) portion of the dental cavity. The soft palate, along with the hard palate, forms the palate, or the roof that the mouth, i m sorry separates the oral and nasal cavities. The soft palate is consistent with the tough palate, which forms in the anterior roof of the mouth. The soft palate plays critical role in blocking food and also other substances from entering the sleep passages throughout swallowing and is necessary in the formation of certain sounds in speech production.

Unlike the bony hard palate, the soft palate is very flexible. It is created of a strong, thin, fibrous sheet, well-known as the palatine aponeurosis, and the glossopalatine and pharyngopalatine muscles. A small projection referred to as the uvula hangs complimentary from the posterior the the soft palate. At the behind of the oral cavity, the soft palate is constant with the mucous membrane covering the floor the the sleep cavity.


The soft palate is composed of muscle and connective tissue, which offer it both mobility and also support. This palate is very...

During swallowing, the soft palate is pulled up, leading to it to press versus the posterior pharyngeal wall. Once elevated in this way, it fully blocks and separates the nasal cavity and nasal portion of the pharynx native the mouth and the oral component of the pharynx. When elevated, the soft palate creates a vacuum in the dental cavity, which keeps food out of the respiratory tract tract.

The soft palate, due to the fact that of its position in the oral cavity and its flexibility, has critical function in the manufacturing of details sounds supplied in human being speech. Once the soft palate is down, so that air deserve to still go out with the nose, there is stated to it is in a nasal stop. Sound of this kind happen at the start of indigenous such as my and nigh. Nasalized vowels, in i m sorry the soft palate is lowered so that part of the airstream walk out through the nose, occur in many languages. If, in enhancement to the articulatory closure in the mouth, the soft palate is raised so the the nasal tract is clogged off, then the airstream will certainly be totally obstructed, the push in the mouth will certainly be developed up, and also an oral stop will be formed.

The soft palate is affiliated in several conditions and also diseases in humans, including cleft palate, sleep apnea, and also cancer. In slot palate, the soft palate may have a fissure, leading to failure the the palatal shelves (in the roof that the mouth) to close throughout prenatal development. In sleep apnea, organization such as the soft palate in the top airway collapse during sleep, cutting off airflow and interrupting breathing. Cancer the the soft palate can also occur; risk determinants include tobacco use, alcohol consumption, and infection with human being papillomavirus (HPV).

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The editor of Encyclopaedia stclairdrake.netThis article was most recently revised and also updated by Kara Rogers.