l>Native Americans:Prehistoric:Woodland:Technology:Tools & Utensils
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Copper celt.

You are watching: What tools did the eastern woodlands use

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A stone celt, which looks like a modern steel axe, was a woodworking tool. The copper celt seen here is was a tool used in ceremonies. The celt does not have a groove for fastening a handle. Instead of being lashed to a wooden handle like the Archaic grooved axe, the celt may have been fitted into an opening in a wooden handle.

Many of the tools used by Woodland people would have been familiar to their Archaic ancestors. Wood-working tools, grinding stones, and tools for hide scraping had been used by Native Americans for generations. Some tools changed slightly. For example, the Archaic grooved axe was changed to an axe without a groove during the Woodland period. The new wood working tool is called a celt. Other new tools included the hoe. Hoes were used to cultivate plants and to dig earth for the construction of burial mounds.

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Bear canine "knife and sheath," Liverpool site, Fulton County.

Stone was not the only material used to make tools. Animal bone was also widely used.

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Tools for cutting and drilling were used to make this extraordinary "knife and sheath" from a bear tooth.