The economic differences between the North and South added to the increase of regional populations with contrasting values and also visions for the future.

The Civil battle that raged across the nation from 1861 to 1865 to be the violent conclusion to years of diversification. Gradually, throughout the start of the nineteenth century, the North and South followed different paths, developing into two distinctive and very different regions.

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The north soil and also climate favored smaller farmsteads fairly than big plantations. Market flourished, fueled by an ext abundant herbal resources 보다 in the South, and many big cities were developed (New York was the largest city with much more than 800,000 inhabitants). By 1860, one 4 minutes 1 of all Northerners stayed in urban areas. Between 1800 and also 1860, the percentage of laborers working in farming pursuits dropped dramatically from 70% to just 40%. Slavery had passed away out, changed in the cities and also factories by immigrant job from Europe. In fact an overwhelming bulk of immigrants, 7 out of every eight, cleared up in the North quite than the South. Transportation was less complicated in the North, i beg your pardon boasted much more than two-thirds that the railroad tracks in the country and also the economic situation was on one upswing.

Far more Northerners than Southerners belonged to the Whig/Republican politics party and also they were far more likely to have actually careers in business, medicine, or education. In fact, an technician was six times as likely to it is in from the North together from the South. Northern kids were slightly more prone come attend college than southerly children.


In contrast to the factory, the plantation to be a central feature of southern life. (Library the Congress)

The abundant soil and also warm climate of the southern made it right for large-scale farms and also crops choose tobacco and cotton. Because farming was therefore profitable couple of Southerners observed a require for commercial development. Eighty percent the the labor force worked ~ above the farm. Back two-thirds that Southerners own no slaves at all, through 1860 the South"s "peculiar institution" to be inextricably tied come the region"s economy and culture. In fact, over there were nearly as numerous blacks - but slaves and complimentary - in the southern as there were whites (4 million blacks and 5.5 million whites). There to be no big cities next from brand-new Orleans, and also most of the ones that did exist were situated on rivers and coasts as shipping ports come send farming produce to european or northern destinations.

Only one-tenth the Southerners lived in urban areas and transportation in between cities was difficult, except by water. Just 35% the the nation"s train tracks were located in the South. Also, in 1860, the South"s agricultural economy was beginning to stall if the northern manufacturers were suffering a boom.

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A slightly smaller portion of white Southerners to be literate than their northern counterparts, and Southern youngsters tended to spend much less time in school. Together adults, Southern guys tended to belong to the autonomous political party and gravitated toward military careers as well as agriculture.