Igor Stravinsky Born: Oranienbaum, near St. Petersburg, June 17, 1882 Died: new York, April 6, 1971

when pursuing regulation studies in 1902, Stravinsky met Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov, that advised the young man to research music. Stravinsky started studying through the well known Russian composer in 1903, and also after Rimsky’s fatality in 1908, never had another teacher. His at an early stage works captured the creativity of ballet impresario Sergei Diaghilev (1872-1929), impressario of the famed Ballets Russes, that invited Stravinsky to compose a ballet. The result was the voluptuous and also impressionistic (with Stravinskian overtones) The Firebird in 1910. This was adhered to by the even more successful Petrushka in 1911. With his ballet The Rite of feather in 1913, with its depictions of primitive pagan Russian rituals and sacrifice, Stravinsky’s music ignited the most famed riot in the background of music. Through its savage rhythms, lack of melody, and barbaric energy, The Rite the Spring marks the true starts of twenty Century music, and even this day never stops working to thrill or amaze listeners.

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through the advent of human being War I, the production of large, spectacular ballets became financially unfeasible. Stravinsky used his imagination and the energetic rhythms the The Rite the Spring come the choral work Les Noces (The Wedding), a piece scored for only four pianos, percussion, and voices. A further reduction of important forces complied with with the musical fable L’histoire du soldat (The Story the a Soldier), which requires only a narrator and seven instrumentalists, after ~ the design of the Dixieland Jazz combo. The story pertains to a soldier returning from war, a violin (the soldier’s soul), and also the devil. In the end, that course, the adversary is triumphant.

In 1920, Stravinsky resolved in Paris, and also entered a duration of neo-classicism, in which he composed music modeled ~ above the styles and also forms, if not the melodies and harmonies, the Mozart and Haydn. Several of the functions composed in this layout are the Octet because that Winds, the opera-oratorio Oedipus Rex, the ballets Pulchinella and also Apollon Musagète, the Symphony the Psalms, and also Stravinsky’s only full-scale opera, The Rake’s Progress . When human being War II damaged out, Stravinsky fled Europe and also came to the unified States, where he resolved in Hollywood, California. That eventually came to be an American citizens in 1940. In the 1950s, Stravinsky shocked the musical human being by transforming to serialism and also produced the twelve-tone ballet Agon and the choral work-related Canticum Sacrum, among others. Through this time, Stravinsky had lived long enough to check out himself globally honored together the west world’s best living composer, and spent his last years conducting, record his works, and also granting interviews.

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His musical affect on composers of this century has been limitless.

Music history 102: a overview to western Composers and their music Designed, compiled and also created by Robert Sherrane