Why Conquer?

Whether pushed by lust because that power, riches, or some other force, for centuries, leaders have actually used their power to overtake one existing culture and bending it into something new.

You are watching: Which of the following was a motivation for the expansion of the roman empire?


Roman Soldiers Subjugating germanic People

Wealth was a motivation for numerous conquests. The promise of wealth encouraged Julius Caesar in his occupation of Gaul.

Image by H.M. Herget


Throughout history, numerous different kingdoms have risen and fallen; numerous empires have been born out of nothing and then broke down to ruin. Many have led large armies to the brink of death in order to wrestle strength away indigenous mighty rulers, when others have relied top top their capacity to rally the masses behind your cause, noble or otherwise. What is clear throughout history, indigenous Julius Caesar come Genghis Khan, is the it bring away a distinct personality come embark on a conquest and also an also stronger desire to achieve some goal in stimulate to overcome the daunting challenges that await.While over there is no handbook to guide one in a conquest, over there are similar motivations connecting several of history’s best conquerors. For example, the reason empires may broaden is so they can grow both physically, culturally, or both. From 336–323 B.C.E., Alexander of Macedonia (also known as Alexander the Great) no only conquered most of the known world, he additionally spread Greek society from Egypt to India. The encouraged social exchange in his empire, remaining tolerant of the various lifestyles in his brand-new territories. During the 2nd century B.C.E., the roman Empire dominated Macedonia and also incorporated that kingdom and Greek society into the empire. End the food of the reign of the Gupta Empire between 320 C.E. And 550 C.E., that lands grew from a small portion of north India to at some point stretch from the Arabian Sea to the bay of Bengal. This physical expansion synchronized with social growth for the Gupta realm as well, and education and art flourished.The spoils of war have the right to be a far-ranging motivation because that conquest. In the 13th century C.E., as soon as Genghis cannes led the Mongols right into battle, plenty of of the soldiers were encouraged to victory the wealth they usually lacked, gift a nomadic people. Julius Caesar was urged by wide range as well, and in fact, it was this an ideas specifically that resulted in his conquest of Gaul (a an ar of western Europe) in 58 B.C.E. However perhaps a more sustainable an ideas than plunder is regulate over trade. For the Mongols, managing the Silk Road—a network the trade paths stretching throughout Asia, eastern Africa, and into Europe—was an additional attractive motivator for expansion. At an early stage on, strikes by Mongols targeted states that managed parts that the Silk Road. Chandragupta ns of the Gupta realm strategically married the Licchavi princess in order to combine mines of stole ore, a an important trade commodity, right into his kingdom.Legendary conquerors, such as Alexander, Julius Caesar, and William the Conqueror, created and then increased their lands because of a desire to rule, merged with good personal ambition. This ambition propelled them to proceed to expand their influence and spread their realms to include more land, an ext people, and, by way of taxes and tribute, much more wealth. Alexander became king the Macedonia at just two decades old, killing his enemies before they could an obstacle him and also crushing rebellions. He led his conquests with one unparalleled army acumen. Julius Caesar held different titles in Rome, varying from military tribune come praetor come member the the first Triumvirate. In this positions, he consolidated his very own power and also expanded Rome"s influence and also wealth through army conquest. William the conquer harnessed a comparable resolve as Alexander and also Caesar, creating the strength of the state of Normandy and also drastically changing English culture in his conquest. Together king that England, that redistributed the state"s wealth, transporting power to his people, the Normans. Every of these leaders’ charisma helped them to obtain military support that was an essential in their conquests while also protecting their positions as rulers.One"s viewed right come rule, not simply desire, has likewise motivated history"s old conquests. Alexander thought himself to it is in the half-human child of that the god Zeus, and thus entitled to his success. William led the Norman conquest in 1066 since he believed he to be the rightful heir come the English throne. King Edward had actually promised the William would be his successor, however he had also made this promise to numerous others, causing several practically simultaneous battles because that the crown after his death. William ultimately prevailed, assuming what he thought to it is in his rightful position, and readjusted England forever in his conquest. Some chroniclers theorize that Genghis Khan likewise believed the his fate to be to rule, back the foundations for this idea room unclear.The draw of power, which can come in countless forms, is an overwhelming to quantify however overwhelms those the desire conquest. Conquerors confront overwhelming dangers for a chance to preeminence but believe the price outweighs the risk.

See more: How Is Ucla On The Quarter System, How Does The Academic Calendar Work

riches was a motivation for many conquests. The promise of wealth motivated Julius Caesar in his occupation of Gaul.

Image by H.M. Herget